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Lesson 44: John 10:22-30

John 10:22-30

22  And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.
23 And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch.
24 Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us
25 Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me.
26 But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.
27 My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.
29 My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.
30 I and my Father are one.

Background Information
The feast of the dedication was not required by Old Testament Law. It was a national commemoration of great events that happened during the 400 years between the Old and New Testaments. This feast, called Hanukah today, celebrates a Jewish political and religious victory over a foreign oppressor. It especially recalls the day when the faithful were able to bring the newly cleansed temple back into use after the enemy had deliberately defiled it. [Based on an audio tape by Jewish Christian teacher Marv Rosenthal in the 1980’s and the writings of the late Harry Ironside.]

The Bible used in this lesson was translated into English long ago. When the translators wrote: “neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand” and “no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand”, they didn’t mean that Jesus could only protect us from other humans. The use of the world man reflects the way people spoke in those days. Today we would translate these verses to say “no one” rather than “no man”. Jesus protects His followers not only from other people but also from the devil and from evil spirits.

Related Scriptures
John 1:1-3
John 6:39-40
Romans 8:31-39
Hebrews 13:5

1. In verse 25, Jesus gives two reasons for believing that He is the Christ. What are they?
2. Do you think the problem these people had concerning faith was with the evidence or with their own unwillingness to accept Jesus for who He is? Why?
3. Who are Jesus’ sheep?
4. Can anyone force Jesus to give us up?
5. According to these verses and the “Related Scriptures” can we be sure we are saved?
6. a. Does the person who is trusting Jesus as Savior need to worry that he or she will be turned away from Heaven? b. Which verses of John 10:22-30 support your answer?
7. What is our safety and our assurance of salvation based on?
8. Do you have the assurance today that you belong to Jesus Christ?

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